In the Western world, the first feminine personifications of nations were usually majestic manifestations of values considered to characterize the communities of given countries or regions. Many of these visualizations came from the image of Athena and took the Latin names of the ancient Roman provinces, such as Germania, Polonia, Britania and Italia. But why are the names of both countries and their personifications feminine? For millennia, women have been seen as a weaker sex, that should show submission to men. Why national impersonations are women then?
There is no unambiguous answer to these questions. It is assumed, however, that people have always identified their homeland with their mother – the first source of food, care and love. Probably that is why terms such as „mother Earth” or „homeland” have found a permanent place both in mass consciousness and in the commonly used language. And although in the overwhelming majority it is still mainly men who are the world leaders, people in times of trial, such as wars or disasters, symbolically turn to the „mother of the nation” for protection and favor. Treating the country as a metaphor of home and family, nations have always identified their countries with maternal protection, which provided them with a sense of security and community.
Wishing to pay a tribute to them, we created a series of coins called „The Allegories”, with which we want to celebrate the extraordinary figures of „mothers of nations”, that for centuries have encouraged people in the hardest moments of human history. Thus, for the first time in the history of numismatics, on the following coins of the „The Allegories” series, Germania „will meet” with legendary national personifications in symbolic circumstances.
On the coin’s reverse there is the two-headed eagle, that is a symbol appearing in Roman mythology associated with Janus – the god of all origins, guardian of doors, gates, passages and bridges, the patron of allied agreements and arrangements. Heads facing the opposite symbolize the past and the future. The lightning bolts held in the claws of an eagle are a divine attribute, symbolizing strength and the power of creation and destruction.